Damião de Gois: The Life and Thought of a Portuguese by Elisabeth Feist Hirsch

By Elisabeth Feist Hirsch

Scholars have given fairly little cognizance to sixteenth-century Portuguese humanism, even if Portugal's very important impact at the humanistic thirst for studying has been conveniently stated. via her heroic explorations of far-off lands and unsafe sea routes, Portugal contaminated many humanists with the buzz of discovery, none greater than Damiao de Gois, Portuguese scholar of historical past. Gois, even supposing normally little identified, used to be - in his existence and eventually as a sufferer of the Inquisition in Portugal - completely consultant of the process sixteenth-century Erasmian humanism in Portugal; furthermore he merits reputation in his personal correct as a contributor to trendy historiography. Portugal's explorations and the ambience of ardour for discovery that prevailed in Lisbon had as powerful a power on Gois in the course of his early years as that of the varsity of Erasmus, the "prince of humanists" who used to be ultimately to develop into his own good friend and advisor. Gois's nice chronicles of the Portuguese kings John II and Ma­ nuel I culminated a lifestyles spent as diplomat, composer, artwork collector, articulate pleader for spiritual tolerance, and scrupulous scholar of historical past. A real file of Gois's lifestyles - commonly outlines exact yet now not entire - exists in Portuguese, and a brief resume of his lifestyles has been released in English, yet to this point no complete examine has been to be had in any language.

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H. Oliveira Marques, Damiiio de Gois e os mercadores de Danzig (Coimbra 1959) ch. 2, p. 9ffwhere on p. 13 one finds a valuable map. Marques who studied Gois's travel routes in detail left the question open whether Gois departed home by ship or land. After having fulfilled his mission Gois returned via Danzig; it seems to this writer very likely that he took a boat. See also Chronicle M. OI, p. 251 " ... e dahi a corte del Rei de Polonia, Sigismundo primeiro do nome, que neste tempo estava em Vilno ...

Gois married a Dutch womao and mentioned in a letter to Beatus Rhenanus that he would prefer to live permaoently in Flanders. See below cbapter 6 on Beatus and chapter 8 a bout his marriage. GOIS'S INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT such a sympathy and regard for other nations, in Gois these feelings were apparently united and were in a sense complementary to each other. He did not find it difficult to act at times with fervent patriotism and yet to adopt a global view or to evaluate customs of other nations without prejudice.

5-Q. "Vehementer enim et supra aequum Lusitanorum iniuriis erat accensus qui India magna ex parte armis dornita occupatisque omnibus emporiis cuncta aromata coemerent, etinHispaniam averterent, atque ea graviore quam antea pretio ac impotenti quaestu omnibus Europae populis vendi tare consuevissent. deteriore etiam Lusitanorum mercimonio quum remotissimae navigationis incommodo, sentinaeque vitiis aromata corrumpi eorumque vis et sapor odoratusque ille spiritus ... " D. Pauli Freheri Thea/rum VirorumEruditioneClarorum .

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