Critical Junctions: Anthropology and History Beyond The by Don Kalb, Herman Tak

By Don Kalb, Herman Tak

The cultural turnA" has been a multifarious and pervasive phenomenon in Western universities and modes of social wisdom because the early Eighties. This quantity specializes in the conjunction of 2 disciplines the place either the analytic delivers in addition to the problems concerned about the assembly of humanist and social technological know-how methods quickly grew to become visible. Anthropologists and historians have come jointly the following so one can recapture, difficult, and criticize pre-Cultural flip and non-Cultural flip modes of analysing buildings of expertise, feeling, subjectivity and motion in human societies and to focus on the nonetheless unexploited chances constructed between others within the paintings of students resembling Norbert Elias, Max Gluckman, Eric Wolf, E.P. Thompson and Raymond Williams.

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Extra resources for Critical Junctions: Anthropology and History Beyond The Cultural Turn

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Merkmalen einer Grundgesamtheit Rekonstruktion von Deutungs- und Handlungsmustern genauer Erhebungs- und Auswertungsplan Plan plus relative Offenheit gegenüber Daten bzw. aus dem Feld „emergierenden“ Hypothesen Erkenntnisgegenstand sind Variablen Erkenntnisgegenstand sind Deutungs- und Handlungsmuster sowie Prozesslogiken statistisches Sample theoretisches Sampling deduktive Schließlogik Deduktion, Induktion, qualitative Induktion, Abduktion als Schließlogiken richtige Operationalisierung und Messung Gegenstandsangemessenheit In der Auseinandersetzung mit fallbezogenen Daten – im Unterschied zur Variablenorientierung in quantitativen Ansätzen – erarbeiten qualitative ForscherInnen schrittweise eine Theorie.

Dies sind typische auf Prozesse bezogene Fragen qualitativen Forschens (wobei die einzelnen Methoden unterschiedliche Schwerpunkte setzen, wie im Laufe von Kapitel II zu zeigen sein wird). Bestimmte qualitative Methoden wie das narrative Interview können soziale Prozesse besonders gut untersuchen, berücksichtigt dieses Verfahren doch Erzähldaten, welche per se Prozesslogiken implizieren. Erzählungen sind von ihrer Natur her auf die Darstellung eines Prozessverlaufs ausgerichtet, in den ein Akteur involviert ist; Situation, Selektion und Konstellationen werden fallbezogen dargestellt.

Insofern ist eine qualitative Einzelfallstudie keine Methode im strengen Sinne, sondern ein Verfahren, in welchem verschiedene Methoden kombiniert werden. Welche dies sind, hängt von der soziologischen Forschungsfrage ab. Interessiert der Fall mehr biografisch, sind mehr biografisch orientierte Methoden erforderlich; ist der Fall eine Organisation, sind neben Interviews vermutlich Dokumentenanalysen notwendig; ist der Fall ein alltägliches Geschehnis, werden neben Befragungen Beobachtungen zum Einsatz kommen.

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