Cascading Style Sheets: Designing for the Web by Hakon Wium Lie

By Hakon Wium Lie

Direct from the creators of CSS, this is often the definitive connection with CSS 2.1, latest fundamental general for controlling the looks of any internet or XML rfile. This full-color e-book does not simply exhibit tips to use each major CSS 1 and 2.x characteristic; it rigorously explains the "why" at the back of contemporary most dear CSS layout ideas. you can find useful, downloadable examples throughout-along with crucial browser help details and top practices for construction high-impact pages and applications.Cascading type Sheets: Designing for the net, 3rd version covers each CSS 2.1 development and connect, from new height/width definitions in completely located components to new clip estate calculations. transparent, readable, and thorough, it is the one must-have CSS source for each net developer, fashion designer, and content material supplier. insurance includesMastering crucial CSS recommendations: ideas, declarations, selectors, homes, and moreWorking with sort: from absolute/relative devices to font measurement and weightUnderstanding CSS items: field version, exhibit homes, checklist kinds, and moreExercising overall regulate over spacing and positioningSpecifying colours for borders and backgroundsManaging printing: margins, web page breaks, and moreImplementing media-specific kind sheets for audio rendering, handhelds, and other kinds of presentationMoving from HTML extensions to CSS: 5 useful case studiesMaking the main of cascading and inheritanceUsing exterior type sheets and @importIntegrating CSS with XML documentsOptimizing the functionality of CSS pagesIncludes a convenient CSS speedy Reference Card"

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Again, the use of ems ensures scalable designs. 8 em. 8em } So, if ems are so great, why does CSS have other units as well? There are cases when it makes sense to use other units. For example, here is a case where percentages may work just as well, if not better: setting the margins of the BODY element. Remember that everything that is displayed in an HTML page is inside BODY, so setting the margins of that element sets the overall shape of the page. You could give the page nice wide margins on both sides with these two rules: BODY { margin-left: 15%; margin-right: 10% 64 65 } This makes the text 75% of the total width, and the left margin a bit wider than the right one.

Rather, it is the effect of the content of the STYLE element the style sheet that appears on the canvas. So, you don't see h1, H2 { font-style: italic } displayed onscreen; instead, you see two slanted elements. No rules have been added that affect any of the other elements, so those elements appear in the browser's default style. < Day Day Up > < Day Day Up > Browsers and CSS For CSS to work as described in this book, you must use a CSS-enhanced browser, that is, a browser that supports CSS. A CSS-enhanced browser recognizes the STYLE element as a container for a style sheet and presents the document accordingly.

That's not so strange, we've seen those before. ) Second, it's a replaced element. A replaced element is a placeholder for some other content that is being pointed to from the element. In the case of IMG, it points to an image that is fetched by the browser when the IMG element is encountered. Unlike the A element, which gives the user the option of jumping to a link or not, the browser automatically fetches the image IMG points to. Also, unlike the A element, IMG uses an attribute called SRC to point to the image.

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