Biofunctional Textiles And the Skin by U.-C. Hipler, P. Elsner, P. Itin, G.B.E. Jemec

By U.-C. Hipler, P. Elsner, P. Itin, G.B.E. Jemec

Lately, the advance of latest applied sciences has accepted the creation of 'functional' or 'smart' textiles. those materials are able to sensing adjustments in environmental stipulations or physique features and are correctly responding to them. they can take up components from the outside or to free up healing or beauty compounds. for example, they are often utilized in lingerie with an built-in cardio-on-line process or as textiles with provider molecules. the focus of curiosity in biofunctional textiles lies presently at the use of textiles assisting treatment and prevention in dermatology. This quantity collects information regarding new traits within the interplay among textiles and the surface, really the improvement of antimicrobial-finished textiles. It provides a range of papers with a purpose to give a contribution to additional consolidate the discussion among dermatologists, allergologists, biomaterial scientists and cloth engineers.

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Br J Dermatol 1991;124:596–602. Marshall J, Holland KT, Gribbon EM: A comparative study of the cutaneous microflora of normal feet with low and high levels of odour. J Appl Bacterial 1988;65:61–68. Nixon A, Mallet AI, Gower DB: Simultaneous quantification of five odorous steroids (16androstenes) in the axillary hair of men. J Steroid Biochem 1988;29:505–510. Austin C, Ellis J: Microbial pathways leading to steroidal malodour in the axilla. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 2003;87:105–110. Guillet G, Zampetti A, Aballain-Colloc ML: Correlation between bacterial population and axillary and plantar bromidrosis: study of 30 patients.

It is unfortunate that although notable antibacterial and antifungal activity has been reported for all the sustained silver release dressings in in vitro experiments, clinical verification of their action is not generally available. Preliminary clinical trials in the Charing Cross Hospital have shown that patients treated with a range of dressings still show residual infections. It is unclear whether these bacteria are pathogenic or whether they are silver resistant [20]. ]. Further studies are now required to confirm whether this phenotypic silver resistance is a reflection of genetically determined changes.

Clarke AJ: General pharmacology; in Heffter A (ed): Handbuch der experimentellen Pharmacologie: Ergänzung. Springer, Berlin, 1937, p 4. Lansdown ABG: A review of the use of silver in wound dressings: facts and fallacies. Br J Nurs 2004;13(suppl):S6–S13. Lansdown ABG: Silver: its antibacterial properties and mechanism of action. J Wound Care 2002;11:125–131. Fox CL: Silver sulphadiazine: a new topical therapy for Pseudomonas aeruginosa in burns. Arch Surg 1968;96:184–188. Lowbury EJ: Problems of resistance in open wounds and burns; in Mouton RP, Brumfitt W, Hamilton Miller JMT (eds): The Rational Choice of Antibacterial Agents.

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