Bertrand Russell’s Philosophy of Language by Robert J. Clack (auth.)

By Robert J. Clack (auth.)

RUSSELL AND THE LINGUISTIC PHILOSOPHY it really is more often than not stated that Bertrand Russell performed an essential position within the so-called "revolution" that has taken position in 20th century Anglo-American philosophy, the revolution that has led many philo­ sophers nearly to equate philosophy with a few kind - or forms - of linguistic research. His contributions to this revolution have been ­ fold: (I) including G. E. Moore he led the winning insurrection opposed to the neo-Hegelianism of Idealists corresponding to Bradley and McTaggert; (2) back with Moore he supplied a lot of the impetus for a a bit progressive means of doing philosophy. (I) and (2) are, after all, shut­ ly similar, because the new means of philosophizing might be acknowledged to consti­ tute, largely, the insurrection opposed to Idealism. Be this because it could, how­ ever, the real truth for current attention is that Russell used to be a tremendous impact in turning Anglo-American philosophy within the path it has for that reason taken - towards what could be termed, particularly common­ ly, the "linguistic philosophy. " regrettably, although his value as a precursor of the linguistic philosophy is famous, the appropriate feel during which Russell himself may be thought of a "philosopher of language" has no longer, to the current time, been sufficiently clarified. precious beginnings were made towards an research of this query, yet they've been, withal, in simple terms commence­ nings, and not anything like an sufficient photograph of Russell's total philoso­ phy of language is almost immediately available.

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M. in seeking the minimal logical apparatus from which he believed the whole of mathematics could, ultimately, be derived. Regarding this point, Professor Urmson has suggested that not only in the general method of analysis it recommended, but in other, more specific, respects, the P. M. logic may have influenced Russell's logical atomist position. The comparison Urmson makes between the P. M. logic and Russell's logical atomism seems, on the whole, a bit overdrawn; nevertheless there is much to be said for it.

191. p. 170. THE QUEST FOR LOGICAL FORM 33 and relations" results, ultimately, from his conviction that persons, as ordinarily conceived, are, according to the theory of acquaintance, strictly unknowable. Though he was, for a time, either imperfectly aware of the seriousness of the implications of the theory of acquaintance for knowledge of persons, or thought he could circumvent them with his notion of "knowledge by description," he did finally come to believe that the difficulties occasioned by this theory were extreme and could not be avoided in any such way.

In the earlier version of the essay there is included a discussion of knowledge by description as it is related to the theory of descriptions. , and page references will be to this source. When referring to The Problems 01 Philosophy, I shall employ the pagination of a recent edition (New York and Oxford, 1959). 8 Both knowledge by acquaintance and knowledge by description are characterized as knowledge of things and are contrasted with knowledge of truths. (Cf. , p. ) As we shall see, knowledge by description involves knowledge of truths, but this is only an indication of its indirectness.

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