Behaviour Therapy in the 1970s. A Collection of Original by Laurence E. Burns

By Laurence E. Burns

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I am referring to the pioneering study of Professor Gwynne Jones (1956), which was itself inspired by Russian work on the conditioning of physiological functions. A patient suffering from urinary frequency was successfully treated by measuring and displaying the level of bladder pressure in order to associate urinary urges with the corresponding observable increase in pressure reading. It was demonstrated that artificially produced false increases in the reading resulted in subjective urinary urges, and conversely that the fluid content of the bladder could be increased without subjective discomfort if the pressure reading was kept falsely low.

Change scores of 2-1 and 3-4 on the conversation test can be accounted for by chance laughs and burps. For the experimental patient both shaping and imitation were consistently tried, but his speech was not reinstated. PAIR 5 Experimental patient: This patient had been mute for 28 years and scored o on pre-treatment testing. Sherman's imitative procedure was used to reinstate speech. By reinforcement the patient learned to imitate several motor movements. Motor movements, such as blowing out a match or coughing, were next introduced; after 4 sessions the patient frequently imitated coughing noises.

Means expressed as mm. increase in diameter. SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR RATINGS DURING COURSE OF TREATMENT IMPROVED AND GROUPS EXCLUDED) HETERO Improved HOMOSEXUAL OUTCOME NOT IMPROVED Heterosexual Ratings Fig. S. S. TREATMENT OF 29 HOMOSEXUALITY change. However, the improvement in heterosexual erections is significantly greater in the improved group and therefore the superiority of aversion in increasing heterosexual erections is related to outcome. ERECTIONS TO HOMO & HETEROSEXUAL STIMULI DURING THE COURSE OF TREATMENT Improved a n d Not Improved groups HOMOSEXUAL STIMULI ifeginnin« of »«»»ion) 2L I Û — £ = IMPROVED φ — # = N O T IMPROVED IfFÖM 5 io 15 20 25 *"" HETEtOSEXUAl STIMULI ( Mginning and end of M»»ion) # I T % t Ktaf · * NOT IMP.

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