By E. Fuller Torrey M.D., Robert H. Yolken M.D.
People have lived in shut proximity to different animals for millions of years. contemporary clinical experiences have even proven that the presence of animals has a good impact on our actual and psychological healthiness. humans with pets in most cases have reduce blood strain, express fewer indicators of melancholy, and have a tendency to get extra exercise.But there's a darker part to the connection among animals and people. Animals are providers of destructive infectious brokers and the resource of a myriad of human ailments. in recent times, the emergence of high-profile health problems akin to AIDS, SARS, West Nile virus, and poultry flu has drawn a lot public cognizance, yet as E. Fuller Torrey and Robert H. Yolken exhibit, the move of lethal microbes from animals to people is neither a brand new nor an simply kept away from problem.Beginning with the domestication of livestock approximately 10,000 years in the past, Beasts of the Earth strains the ways in which human-animal touch has advanced over the years. this day, shared dwelling quarters, overlapping ecosystems, and experimental surgical practices the place organs or tissues are transplanted from non-humans into people proceed to open new avenues for the transmission of infectious brokers. different adjustments in human habit like elevated air commute, computerized foodstuff processing, and threats of bioterrorism are expanding the contagion issue through transporting microbes additional distances and to bigger populations in almost no time at all.While the authors urge undefined higher figuring out of earlier illnesses may also help us reduce the severity of a few health problems, in addition they warn that, given our more and more crowded planet, it isn't a question of if but if and the way usually animal-transmitted ailments will pose severe demanding situations to human healthiness sooner or later.
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Extra info for Beasts Of The Earth: Animals, Humans, And Disease
Bison and horses, viewed on 26 = Beasts of the Earth the plains, became the Paleolithic equivalent of a McDonald’s golden arch. A passing gazelle may have evoked the same reaction that a sign for Kentucky Fried Chicken does today. The relationship between Paleolithic humans and animals is most clearly illustrated by the animal paintings, drawings, and etchings by Paleolithic artists in caves of southern France and northern Spain. In France’s Chauvet cave, discovered in 1994, some of the paintings are thirty-two thousand years old.
The Germans used glanders, for example, in World War I to kill horses and mules destined for the Allied forces in Europe, where the animals were widely used for carrying supplies to the lines. Although technically still neutral, by 1915 the United States had become a principal source of war supplies Humans as Hunters = 31 for Britain and France, including thousands of horses and mules. The Germans evolved a plan to sabotage these equine supplies by infecting them with glanders before they were shipped abroad.
The artists took advantage of the natural rock contours of the ceiling so that one bison, whose head is turned to look back, appears three-dimensional because its head is painted on a rock outcropping. As described by one observer: “The ﬁgure develops in harmony in its surfaces; it leaps as if real and alive from the rugged surface of the rock. ” 12 Some of the bison appear so freshly painted and lifelike that in 1880, when Marcelino de Sautuola ﬁrst published the results of his discovery of the cave, his claims that the paintings were Paleolithic in origin were derided.