Aristotle's Ethics: Critical Essays (Critical Essays on the by Julia Annas, Alfred R. Mele, Martha C. Nussbaum, John

By Julia Annas, Alfred R. Mele, Martha C. Nussbaum, John McDowell, Richard Kraut, John M. Cooper, Rosalind Hursthouse, Nancy Sherman, J. L. Ackrill, Myles F. Burnyeat, Marcia L. Homiak, T. H. Irwin, L. A. Kosman

The ethics of Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), and advantage ethics commonly, have visible a resurgence of curiosity over the last few a long time. now not do utilitarianism and Kantian ethics all alone dominate the ethical panorama. moreover, Aristotelian issues fill out that panorama, with such matters because the significance of friendship and feelings in an exceptional lifestyles, the function of ethical notion in clever selection, the character of happiness and its structure, ethical schooling and habituation, discovering a sturdy domestic in modern ethical debate. The essays during this quantity characterize the simplest of that discuss. Taken jointly, they supply a detailed research of important arguments in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. yet they do greater than that. every one exhibits the iconic curiosity of the questions Aristotle himself subtly and complexly increases within the context of his personal modern discussions.

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We must insist that happiness can be complete without requiring a whole lifetime. " If this is right, then the passage will reflect the modified view of "complete life" that marks the disagreement between the EN on the one side and the EE, MM, and Solon on the other side. 25. " in Illinois Classical Studies (1985). 26. Aristotle, Fragmenta Selecta, ed W. D. Ross (Oxford, 1955), 146. "Is becoming" translatesgignetai. ). 27. " See also Jaeger, "Aristotle's Verses in Praise of Plato," SCripta Minora (Rome, 1960), 339-45 (from Classical Quarterly, 21 (1927), 13-17).

A comparison between the EE and EN on this point is especially instructive. 1 hope to present it elsewhere. There are helpful suggestions in D. A. Rees, "Magnanimity in the EE and NE," in Untersuchungen zur Eudemischen Ethik, ed. P. Moraux and D. Harlfinger (Berlin, 1971). 38. On Ajaxsee Fragmenta 147 (Ross); Analytica Posteriora 97b15-26. 2 Aristotle on Virtue and Happiness ]uliaAnnas Twice in the Nicomachean Ethics Aristotle strongly rejects the idea that virtue is sufficient for happiness. "!

Cooper and McDowell rely on the causal claims in ways that lead them to underestimate the role of fortune in happiness; see nn 9, 12. 20. In stressing the stability of virtue as a reason for choosing it Aristotle agrees with Solon, who says he will not exchange virtue for wealth, because virtue is stable, empedon aiei, while wealth fluctuates. See Plutarch, Solon 3. 2 in Anthologia Lyrica Graeca, ed. E. Diehl (Berlin, 1949), fr 4. 9-11. There is no evidence to show that Solon connected this claim with his advice about happiness.

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