Arctic Security in an Age of Climate Change by James Kraska

By James Kraska

This is often the 1st publication to envision Arctic safety coverage and army protection from the viewpoint of all 8 Arctic states. In mild of weather switch and melting ice within the Arctic Ocean, Canada, Russia, Denmark (Greenland), Norway, and the us, in addition to Iceland, Sweden, and Finland, are grappling with an rising Arctic safeguard paradigm. This quantity brings jointly the world's such a lot professional Arctic political-military specialists from Europe and North the USA to investigate how Arctic countries are adapting their safety postures to house elevated delivery, increasing naval presence, and effort and mineral improvement within the polar sector. The e-book analyzes the ascent of Russia because the first "Arctic superpower," the turning out to be value of polar safeguard for NATO and the Nordic states, and the expanding position of Canada and the U.S. within the zone.

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2 The Challenges and Security Issues of Arctic Marine Transport Lawson W. Brigham introduction Early in the twenty-first century, a nexus of globalization, climate change, and geopolitics is shaping the future of the maritime Arctic. The implications of these forces have never been more compelling for Arctic marine transport. , nickel, copper, zinc), have been driven by high commodity prices and worldwide demand, and the result is that the Arctic is becoming much more integrated with the global economy.

Pp. 245–46. See Richard Foot and Norma Greenaway, “Bush Praises Mission,” National Post, August 22, 2007; Alan Freeman, “Troops Doing Fabulous Job, Bush Says,” Globe and Mail, August 22, 2007. Arctic Security 11 civil service – specifically in the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade, the Canadian Coast Guard, Transport Canada, the Canadian Ice Service, and the Department of National Defence – and in Inuit and other national aboriginal organizations, to say nothing of a small community of private analysts.

The outcome here is inadvertent, but ultimately it is sensible. It represents a moderate response to a modest threat in an unfamiliar part of the world. There is nothing here for Russians and others to ooh and ah about, any more than Canada should be alarmed by Denmark’s defense policy consensus and intention to deploy special forces to Greenland or by the prospect of Russian special forces parachuting onto the ice at the North Pole. With one exception, all the Arctic states are moving ahead in appropriate constabulary mode when it comes to acquiring and deploying new Arctic-specific military capabilities and to learning how to use them under extraordinary physical conditions.

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