By R. Hendrick
This publication relies largely on fieldwork that I carried out in Brittany and Wales in 1983 and 1985. i'm grateful for a Fulbright Award for learn in Western Europe and a college improvement Award from the college of North Carolina that funded that fieldwork. lowe a much less tangible, yet no much less actual, debt to Steve Anderson, G. M. Awbery, Steve Harlow and Jim McCloskey whose paintings first and foremost sparked my curiosity, and led me to adopt this undertaking. i need to thank Joe Emonds and Alec Marantz who learn parts of bankruptcy three and five. i'm relatively thankful although to Kathleen Flanagan, Frank Heny and nameless referees who learn a dyslexic and schizophrenic manuscript, offering me with criticisms that more desirable this ultimate model significantly. The Welsh nationalist neighborhood in Aberstwyth and its Breton coun terpart in Quimper helped make the time I spent in Wales and Brittany efficient. i'm indebted to Thomas Davies, Partick Favreau, Lukian Kergoat, Sue Rhys, John Williams and Beatrice between others for sharing their wisdom in their languages with me. Catrin Davies and Martial Menard have been particularly sufferer and priceless. with no their counsel this paintings could were infinitely poorer. i'm hopeful that this ebook can help stimulate extra curiosity within the Celtic languages and tradition, and support, even in a small means, these in Wales and Brittany who fight to maintain their language and tradition strong.
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Extra resources for Anaphora in Celtic and Universal Grammar
The third section investigates the pattern of agreement in Welsh, which at first glance might seem to resist an analysis like the one given for Breton in Section 2. Not all finite verbs exhibit morphological agreement in Welsh and in this respect Welsh resembles Breton. As in Breton, the presence or the absence of agreement depends 25 26 CHAPTER 2 on whether the subject is a null pronoun or an expressed NP. However, the overall pattern departs from the situation found in either Breton or Irish (McCloskey and Hale (1984)).
NPs capable of independent reference) freely occur in that post-verbal position, as (40c, d) illustrate. wedi brifo yn hun. (40) a. Rydw i be-PRES-lSNG PRT hurt myself I've hurt myself. wedi brifo. b. * Rydw i be-PRES-lSNG PRT hurt * I've hurt. c. Rydw i wedi brifo Ifor. be-PRES-lSNG PRT hurt I've hurt Ifor. d. Rydw i wedi brifo fe. be-PRES-lSNG PRT hurt him I've hurt him. With this much background on the distribution of the adjunct reflexive, we are able to construct an argument that Welsh null subjects are, in fact, syntactically present pronouns.
I PRT work-PRES-lSNG now c. Breman e labouran [eL now PRT work-PRES-lSNG 34 CHAPTER 2 A consideration ot two further phenomena leads us to sharpen our treatment of how proper government interacts with agreement and the Avoid Pronoun Principle in examples like (20). The first involves an asymmetry in the behavior of verbal agreement in affirmative and negative sentences. The second concerns an asymmetry between verbal and prepositional agreement in topicalized structures. On closer inspection these phenomena support the analysis defended in this section if we conjecture that the overt, synthetic agreement is able to function as an antecedent governor for the ECP.