Advances in Virus Research by Kenneth M. Smith and Max A. Lauffer (Eds.)

By Kenneth M. Smith and Max A. Lauffer (Eds.)

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In one sample experiment, only 1 out of 1200 lesions induced by untreated virus produced a variant symptom, whereas 3 out of 400 lesions induced by virus extracted from irradiated leaves yielded symptoms differing from that of the parent strain. In another report, 91 out of 139 attempted transfers from lesions induced by treated virus were successful; of these, one gave altered symptoms. It is doubtful that enough information is given to decide whether these data are significant in indicating the presence of a higher frequency of variants among virus particles extracted from irradiated leaves as compared with that from unirradiated leaves.

Aduan. Virus Res. 4, 159. Pirie, N. W. (1962). In “Microbial Classification” ( G . C. Ainsworth and P. H. A. ), pp. 374393. Cambridge Univ. Press, London and New York. Pratt, M. J. (1961). Can. J. Botany 39, 655. Price, ’YY, C. (1954). Trans. Y. Acad. Sci. 16, 196. Quantz, I,. (1961-62). PhytopathoL Z. 43, 79. , and van Slogteren, D. H. h l . (1958). Proc. 3rd Conf. Potato Virus Diseuses, Lisse-Wageeltingela, 1957,p. 30. Schmidt, H. , and Schmelzer, K. (1964). Phytopathol. Z. 50, 191. Schmidt, H.

MUTANTS OF TOBACCO MOSAIC VIRUS 39 It should be pointed out, however, that this conclusion is based on the assumption that the kinetics of dcamination is uniform for a long period of time. The kinetics of inactivation is deduced from results collected during the first 60 minutes of the reaction, whereas in order to determine the kinetics of deamination, the reaction is run for at least an order of magnitude longer. iii. Comparison of the effect of nitrous acid on TMV and TMV RNA. Nitrous acid has both an inactivating and a mutagenic effect on intact virus particles as well as on the free, infectious nucleic acid.

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