By Kenneth M. Smith and Max A. Lauffer (Eds.)
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This book describes the outbreak of human situations of avian influenza in Turkey and the nationwide and overseas reaction. Drawing on interviews with a number of the key medical experts and significant firms concerned - the eu Centre for sickness Prevention and keep watch over (ECDC), the United countries kid's Fund (UNICEF), the meals and Agriculture association of the United international locations (FAO) and the realm enterprise for Animal health and wellbeing (OIE), in addition to WHO - it issues out functional classes that nationwide and foreign public health and wellbeing companies and policy-makers can use to reply successfully to destiny outbreaks and a potential avian influenza pandemic.
In March 2001, the nationwide Institutes of overall healthiness issued the subsequent caution: "The variety of websites providing health-related assets grows each day. Many websites supply necessary details, whereas others can have details that's unreliable or deceptive. " additionally, as a result of fast bring up in Internet-based info, many hours could be wasted looking, deciding on, and printing.
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Extra resources for Advances in Virus Research
In one sample experiment, only 1 out of 1200 lesions induced by untreated virus produced a variant symptom, whereas 3 out of 400 lesions induced by virus extracted from irradiated leaves yielded symptoms differing from that of the parent strain. In another report, 91 out of 139 attempted transfers from lesions induced by treated virus were successful; of these, one gave altered symptoms. It is doubtful that enough information is given to decide whether these data are significant in indicating the presence of a higher frequency of variants among virus particles extracted from irradiated leaves as compared with that from unirradiated leaves.
Aduan. Virus Res. 4, 159. Pirie, N. W. (1962). In “Microbial Classification” ( G . C. Ainsworth and P. H. A. ), pp. 374393. Cambridge Univ. Press, London and New York. Pratt, M. J. (1961). Can. J. Botany 39, 655. Price, ’YY, C. (1954). Trans. Y. Acad. Sci. 16, 196. Quantz, I,. (1961-62). PhytopathoL Z. 43, 79. , and van Slogteren, D. H. h l . (1958). Proc. 3rd Conf. Potato Virus Diseuses, Lisse-Wageeltingela, 1957,p. 30. Schmidt, H. , and Schmelzer, K. (1964). Phytopathol. Z. 50, 191. Schmidt, H.
MUTANTS OF TOBACCO MOSAIC VIRUS 39 It should be pointed out, however, that this conclusion is based on the assumption that the kinetics of dcamination is uniform for a long period of time. The kinetics of inactivation is deduced from results collected during the first 60 minutes of the reaction, whereas in order to determine the kinetics of deamination, the reaction is run for at least an order of magnitude longer. iii. Comparison of the effect of nitrous acid on TMV and TMV RNA. Nitrous acid has both an inactivating and a mutagenic effect on intact virus particles as well as on the free, infectious nucleic acid.