By Andrzej Witkowski, Andrzej Rusin, Miroslaw Majkut, Sebastian Rulik, Katarzyna Stolecka
Providing a accomplished research of CO2 compression, transportation methods and issues of safety for publish combustion CO2 catch purposes for a 900 MW pulverized difficult coal-fired strength plant, this ebook assesses suggestions for reinforcing the strain of CO2 to pipeline strain values with a minimum quantity of strength. 4 kinds of compressors are tested intimately: a standard multistage centrifugal compressor, integrally geared centrifugal compressor, supersonic surprise wave compressor, and pump machines. The learn demonstrates that the whole compression strength is heavily with regards to the thermodynamic strategy and isn't decided via compressor potency by myself. one other challenge addressed is that of CO2 pipeline shipping from the compressor outlet website to a disposal website less than warmth move stipulations. The ebook additionally good points an research of simulations and versions which are used to figure out the utmost secure pipeline distance to next booster stations as a functionality of inlet strain, ambient temperature, thickness of the thermal insulation and ground-level warmth flux stipulations. This booklet specializes in compression in addition to transportation procedures with specific emphasis at the safeguard dangers with regards to the shipping of CO2. crucial challenge by way of environmental safeguard is making sure detailed and trustworthy chance id. As risks can basically be controlled successfully in the event that they are adequately pointed out, difficulties regarding the release and atmospheric dispersion of CO2 also are discussed.
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0:1 per stage in the case of CO2. At such stage pressure ratios, eight stages of compression are typically required to reach an overall pressure ratio of 100:1. The problem is complicated by the need to intercool CO2 between the compressor stages. Due to the lower volume and higher pressure in subsequent stages, each stage of integrally geared compressors can be optimized individually. This feature makes it possible to spin high-pressure impellers at a higher speed. It is possible to go to different speeds on each pinion and stage.
Majkut and A. 0:1 and the wide range of flow coefficient stages. The investment cost for an integrally geared compressor is lower than for a single-shaft compressor train. This is the result of a compact design with fewer impellers and a smaller impeller diameter. Owing to that, the installation is considerably lighter and requires less space. Furthermore, complete package units can be realized with coolers installed in steel frames and with completely assembled piping including necessary anti-surge loops (CO2 Europipe 2011).
Pl © The Author(s) 2015 A. 1007/978-3-319-18404-3_4 37 38 M. Majkut and A. 1 Introduction All CO2 capture methods require compression systems at the sequestration stage, where CO2 must be injected into a storage reservoir at high pressure. Several existing compression technologies can be utilized for that purpose, such as reciprocating, as well as integrally geared or in-line centrifugal compressors. CO2 compression presents a number of challenges that make this application unique in its own right (Farris 1983).