By Lucille H. Campey
Scots who opted for pioneer existence in Prince Edward Island are the topic of this publication. Being the 1st of the "northern" colonies to be offered off in its entirety to vendors within the overdue eighteenth century, P.E.I. received its Scots earliest, doing so even sooner than the beginning of the yank conflict of Independence in 1775. The colonization of Prince Edward Island by means of Scots takes us again to a interval whilst the method of emigration and cost have been of their infancy.
The Pioneer Scots of Prince Edward Island should still command our recognize. They confirmed great braveness and resolution and so much have been successful.
Previous reports of early Scottish emigration to the hot international have tended to pay attention to the miseries of evictions and the destruction of outdated groups. during this groundbreaking examine of the inflow of Scots to Prince Edward Island, the generally held assumption that emigration used to be completely a flight from poverty is challenged. via uncovering formerly unreported send crossings, in addition to a variety of manuscripts and underused assets resembling customs documents and newspaper delivery studies, the e-book offers the main entire account to this point of the inflow of Scots to the Island. "A Very effective category of Immigrants" is key analyzing for people wishing to track kin hyperlinks or deepen their knowing of ways and why the Island got here to obtain its particular Scottish groups. And by way of gaining access to, for the 1st time, transport assets like Lloyd's record and the Lloyd's transport check in, the writer brings a brand new measurement to our knowing of emigrant shuttle. Lucille H. Campey demonstrates that faraway from crusing on disease-ridden leaky tubs, as popularly imagined, the Island's Pioneer Scots frequently crossed the Atlantic at the most sensible to be had ships of the time.
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Extra resources for A Very Fine Class of Immigrants: Prince Edward Island's Scottish Pioneers, 1770-1850
11 When timber importers claimed that the principal benefit to emigrants of the North American timber trade was cheap transport and 12 "A VERY FINE CLASS OF IMMIGRANTS" steady winter employment for settlers, they very much understated their case. The search for timber actually forged new shipping routes between Scotland and North America which had not previously existed. This in turn created opportunities for colonisers. As the search for timber supplies moved along the Northumberland Strait in the late eighteenth century, so too came the advance of Scottish settlers to Prince Edward Island, Cape Breton, eastern Nova Scotia and the Miramichi and Chaleur Bay regions of New Brunswick (Figure 2).
As a consequence, Maritime timber exports soared and as they did, shippers advertised for passengers on their westward journeys. Shipowners built up regular shipping services based on a two-way trade in timber and people. 11 When timber importers claimed that the principal benefit to emigrants of the North American timber trade was cheap transport and 12 "A VERY FINE CLASS OF IMMIGRANTS" steady winter employment for settlers, they very much understated their case. The search for timber actually forged new shipping routes between Scotland and North America which had not previously existed.
Dr. MacAulay in 1811, [in] appreciation of his services to the new community. This letter was turned over to me by Miss B. MacKinnon, daughter of Lieut. McKinnon, himself a descendant of Selkirk. 8 Most of the initial Belfast settlers were drawn from Skye, especially the east side of the Island where Lord MacDonald's lands were concentrated, and from the Clanranald estates in South Uist. Skye people maintained a long association with the Island, but this was not so with South Uist emigrants, who changed their allegiance to Nova Scotia and Cape Breton.